What is known about the Israeli response to the Hamas attack?

Hamas attack

The Gaza Strip’s rulers, Hamas, conducted one of the largest invasions into Israeli territory in the previous 50 years. Israel’s retaliation has included massive airstrikes.

Soldiers dressed in fatigues and wearing medical masks hold onto a stretcher.

The area is preparing for new fighting days after hundreds of Hamas militants from Gaza attacked border towns unexpectedly, killing at least 1,400 Israelis.

Israel has been bombarding the Gaza Strip with airstrikes in retaliation for the horrifying incursion, and according to the Palestinian Health Ministry, more than 2,800 Palestinians have died as a result. Israel is believed to be preparing to launch a ground offensive because it has called up 360,000 reserve soldiers and is now amassing troops near the border.

Israel has demanded that more than a million inhabitants relocate to the southern part of the territory in conjunction with talk of a ground invasion into Gaza. The United Nations has denounced this order because it raises concerns that it could worsen the already dire humanitarian situation. Since Friday, as residents attempt to follow the law, the area has been engulfed in panic and turmoil, and as they evacuated, dozens of people were killed by airstrikes.

Officials from Hamas have urged Palestinians to ignore their orders.

Fighting increased along Israel’s northern border with Lebanon in a region that has a long history of hostilities. The Israeli military claimed to be attacking Hezbollah targets inside Lebanon with a drone. The Lebanese militant organization Hezbollah then declared that it had attacked four different Israeli targets.

Israel’s government, as well as its renowned military and intelligence services, have left the country’s citizens wondering how they could have been so unprepared for the sophisticated attack. The fact that there has been no word on the whereabouts of the 199 hostages taken in the attack has only increased their anxieties.

After months of animosity over contentious judicial reforms that were driving Israelis apart, some opponents of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and his right-wing allies decided to work together in an interim administration.

The following information concerning the Hamas strikes and Israel’s response is important to know.

How were the strikes carried out by Hamas?

On the morning of October 7, Hamas started launching thousands of missiles, occasionally missing Tel Aviv and the environs of Jerusalem due to Israel’s advanced Iron Dome missile defiance system.

Terrorists from Hamas entered Israel via land, sea, and air about one hour after the initial rocket attacks.

The assailants broke into 22 Israeli towns and army bases and kidnapped citizens and soldiers. Attackers from Hamas killed men, women, and children while they were at home, out walking, or dancing at a festival. The victims included dozens of foreigners, including Americans.

Burned out cars parked in field, with people’s belonging strewn about.

What explanations did Hamas offer?

In a recorded message, Muhammad Deaf, the head of Hamas’ military branch, explained that the organization had made the decision to conduct a “operation” so that “the enemy will understand that the time of their rampaging without accountability has ended.”

He mentioned Israel’s recent police incursions on the Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, its occupation of the West Bank, which it took over during the 1967 Arab-Israeli conflict, and the imprisonment of thousands of Palestinians in Israeli jails.

The area surrounding the Aqsa Mosque, known to Muslims as the Noble Sanctuary and to Jews as the Temple Mount, is one of the most contentious places in the Holy Land.

How is Israel responding at the moment?

Israeli authorities announced a “complete siege” of the area in addition to attacks on Gaza. Yoav Gallant, Israel’s defiance minister, declared that Gaza, which is congested, impoverished, and already suffering from a suffocating, 16-year blockade by Israel and frequently Egypt, will not receive “electricity, food, water, or fuel.”

The blockade prohibits the majority of people from leaving the region and limits the import of items, such as electronic and computer equipment that could be used to create weapons. Israel claimed that the bombings had destroyed Hamas militant housing facilities.

The airstrikes, which were deadlier and more widespread than in previous campaigns, destroyed entire neighborhoods, severely damaged the medical infrastructure, and left hundreds of thousands of civilians with nowhere to go as a result.

Palestinian citizens inspecting the destruction to the Al-Rimal neighborhood from raids by Israeli warplanes in central Gaza City.

According to Palestinian sources, the attacks were indiscriminate and targeted hospitals and mosques. They continued by saying that the strikes, some of which, according to the United Nations, targeted ambulances, were hampering attempts to rescue people from the rubble. The West Bank is now experiencing the effects of the tension. Various Palestinians lost their lives in periodic clashes with Israeli troops and settlers in the West Bank. East Jerusalem had also experienced deadly violence.

What made this Hamas strike unique?

Between Israel and the Palestinians, a constant war has existed for two centuries. There have been thousands of fatalities from the warfare, particularly in May 2021 when an Israeli police raid on the Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem helped spark an 11-day war between Israel and Hamas.

The attack on October 7 came at a very difficult time in Israel’s history, which made the timing of the attack noteworthy. It arrived after several months of worry about the stability of Israeli society and the military’s readiness.

The bombings occurred on Simchat Torah, a festival, and nearly 50 years to the day after forces from Egypt and Syria surprised Israeli authorities by invading and sparking the Yom Kippur War.

What occurs next?

According to Mr. Netanyahu, the campaign against Hamas will go on “without hesitation and without rest.”

President Biden and other international leaders have denounced Hamas, which the US categorizes as a terrorist group, claiming to support Israel and its right to self-defense.

Early on Tuesday morning in Tel Aviv, Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken made the announcement that Mr. Biden had accepted Mr. Netanyahu’s invitation and would visit Israel on Wednesday to express America’s support for that nation and to discuss a number of pressing issues, such as hostages held by Hamas and humanitarian aid for Palestinians in Gaza.

With the first delivery of weaponry on Tuesday, the United States promised to provide Israel with military assistance. Mr. Biden referred to the attack by Hamas as “pure, unadulterated evil” and assured that the United States will support Israel.

There were anti-Israel demonstrations on Friday around the Arab world, despite calls for de-escalation from Arab countries, including Saudi Arabia, who have refrained from blaming Hamas.

The confrontation also imperils Mr. Biden’s and his top aides’ months-long campaign to persuade Saudi Arabia to normalize diplomatic ties with Israel, its longtime foe.